article: Legality of euthanasia West's Encyclopedia of American Law states that "a 'mercy killing' or euthanasia is generally considered to be a criminal homicide" 55 and is normally used as a synonym of homicide committed at a request made by the. In a historic judgment, the Supreme court of India legalized passive euthanasia. Dr Brendan McCarthy Archbishops Council Church House, London 2015 Submission to The Special Joint Committee on Physician-Assisted Dying. A person's right to life corresponds to a duty of others not to kill him.
On the Utilitarian view a law which does not have the best consequences is not the right law; so the cautious Utilitarian would have to advocate in public that the law should continue to forbid euthanasia, but in private that people should frequently break. 59 In most countries this is not the status of euthanasia. For example, it is argued that human beings have a natural instinct of self- preservation which bids them preserve their lives, so it is going against nature to seek one's own destruction. What about the law?
59 Two designations of homicide that carry no criminal punishment are justifiable and excusable homicide. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy. 60 Some governments around the world have legalized voluntary euthanasia but most commonly it is still considered to be criminal homicide. These are: the right not to be killed, corresponding to a duty not to kill, and the right to liberty corresponding to a duty to respect others' liberty. Death with dignity, in support of physician assisted suicide or voluntary active euthanasia, the argument is often made that, as people have the right to live with dignity, they also have the right to die with dignity. 34 Thomas More wrote of euthanasia in Utopia, although it is not clear if More was intending to endorse the practice.