a spike into. The legates carefully provided against that in their Bull. However, their very poor rate of fire (which often meant that only one shot was fired in the course of an entire battle) and their inaccuracy made them more of a psychological force multiplier than an effective anti-personnel weapon. Byzantines used it against the Venetians during the Fourth Crusade. The landscape and figurative traditions developed together in the 19th century in an atmosphere that was increasingly concerned with painterly qualities of the interaction of light and colour and the expressive qualities of paint handling. Where the authentic theological traditions of the Eastern Church are concerned, we must recognize the admirable way in which they have their roots in Holy Scripture, and how they are nurtured and given expression in the life of the liturgy. 77 As thus interpreted, there were now five patriarchs presiding over the Church within the Byzantine Empire, in the following order of precedence: the Patriarch of Rome, the Patriarch of Constantinople, the Patriarch of Alexandria, the Patriarch of Antioch and the Patriarch of Jerusalem. ( Extracts from the Acts of the Council of Ephesus ).
The combination of modeled flowers and animals with painted motifs on the vases certainly reflects similar developments in wall painting, where stucco reliefs were combined with simple painted backgrounds. 235 In these the Eucharist is celebrated in union with the Church everywhere. "Historic encounter between the Pope and Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia: Orthodox and Catholics are brothers, not competitors". The walls of a castle could be constructed either on solid rock or water-logged land making it difficult to dig mines. Most decoration consisted of incised or impressed geometric schemes, though there were some vases with similar designs in paint. On land sand could be used to stop the burning. The Catholic Church allows its clergy to administer the sacraments of Penance, the Eucharist and Anointing of the Sick to members of the Eastern Orthodox Church, if these spontaneously ask for the sacraments and are properly disposed. As a result of the Muslim conquests of the territories of the patriarchates of Alexandria, Antioch and Jerusalem, only two rival powerful centres of ecclesiastical authority, Constantinople and Rome, remained. And this deification is not an abstract state, but a union of man with God.