although the stereotyping has decreased in recent years. Is it environmental or inborn? However, all the experts in literature agreed that males used more personal space than females. As a part of future work, we plan to use survey methodology to analyze and validate the research model. Young boys are known to fight a lot, but there aggression seems to fade as they mature. Those who argue that aggression is caused by the nature theory argue that the level of aggressiveness differs in the two sexes because of the difference in the level of sex hormone, testosterone. A very large majority of the female respondents (83.7 percent) felt that they typically smile more often than a male does. These authors also stated that women use fewer gestures when they are with other women but more gestures with men. In this research-in-progress paper, we present a research model to study the effects of gender differences on social presence cues in retail websites.
A Study on Gender Differences
The Cultural Differences,
Over the centuries, stereotyping of mens and womens intangible aspects has evolved. A study on gender differences in helping behavior by Eagly and Crowley caught me by surprise. There is no argument about men and women being physically different, yet there has been much debate involving the intangible differences between the two differences. And Ivy and Backlund (1994) conclude that women more actively communicate the importance of relationships by using a number of verbal and nonverbal channels. Even more interesting is to observe how the differences between men and women have evolved, especially over the past 30 years- since the sexual revolution. Aggression, is defined as behavior intended to harm another person. Our understanding of the innate gender differences as opposed to the acquired one is still growing, yet it still seems tainted by such misunderstanding. However, to date, influence of social presence to Treat Mental Disorders (interpreting human warmth and contact electronically) on e-Loyalty across genders has been relatively underexplored. On the other hand, women are allowed to admit that they are feeling fearful and anxious. However, Burgoon, Buller, and Woodall (1996) felt that the difference was in the types of gestures used rather than in the frequency of use.