Much of the thrust of Daoism, as we have seen, naturally motivates a reaction against the moralistic and elitist inclinations of Confucianism. These acquired desires then shape our wei deeming:action. He avoids this inconsistency and thus is not committed to the Stoic view that the natural/actual course of events is rational or good. The norms themselves are subject to discursive, norm guided reflection and revisionwhich gives philosophy the familiar open, meta character that underwrites its image as thinking about thinking. Traditional as well as modern scholarship tends to attribute the first eight inner chapters to Zhuangzi and there has been little doubt about his existence. The Zhuangzi text, as we noted, contains the writings of a range of thinkers loosely allied with these Daoist themes. Dao that can be dao -ed is not constant dao. The Mohists alluded to its regularity and universality to contrast with the temporary and local authority of social conventions and guidance by authority. This makes the concept cohere nicely with Laozi's analysis of names and knowledge as forms of social control.
Taoism 101: Introduction to the Tao and What is Taoism
Watching teachers rectify names) we internalize a community practice of cutting stuff and malcolm X vs Martin Luther King assigning names to the portions. The first plausible candidate for a theoretical Daoist comes next in the Zhuangzi historical survey. Laozi's existence is widely disputed partly because the traditional story seems impossible for one person to satisfy. Tao, and by attempting to define the. We rely on utility to determine how we structure terms into strings in guidancein discourse dao. The withdrawal from society, the antipathy toward ritual roles, traditional morality, and any social structures or traditional culture suggests a kind of Daoist ethos as an antithesis to Confucianism in China. Egoistic guidance is a dao guide similarly committed to right-wrong, normative guiding distinctions rooted in a distinction between self and other.