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Transatlantic Slave Trade

The second leg of the triangle exported enslaved Africans across the Atlantic Ocean to the Americas and the Caribbean Islands. Many crops could not be sold for profit, or even grown, in


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Pearl: The Essence of Literary Symbolism

Further, there are expressions as 'three joints' and 'nine resemblances' (of the dragon to wit: from head to shoulder, from shoulder to breast, from breast to tail. And so, my love, I


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Secure Acute Respiratory Syndrome

A signed consent form is recommended when collecting specimens for sars-CoV RT-PCR or antibody testing. Pediatric populations Information on sars-CoV disease in pediatric patients is limited. An algorithm for patient evaluation is


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Ethical Concerns on Animal Testing Procedures


ethical Concerns on Animal Testing Procedures

the Ethical Review Process adds a level of bureaucracy that is not in proportion to its contribution to improving animal welfare or furthering the 3Rs. Lewis Smith, Syngenta CTL; Professor John Spencer, Professor of Law, Selwyn College, University of Cambridge;. The Working Party examined arguments about the implications of the evolutionary relatedness of humans with other animals. Another important factor is refining the experimental procedures themselves, and refining the management of pain. Anti-vivisectionist groups do not accept this reality and are campaigning vigorously for the adoption of other methods without reference to validation or acceptance of their limitations, or the consequences for human health.

Talking Point on the use of animals
Ethical considerations in animal studies - ncbi - NIH
BBC - Ethics - Animal ethics: Experimenting on animals
Ethical issues - Nuffield Bioethics
The Ethics of Animal Experimentation - hopes Huntington

House of Lords, 2002 ). However, seemingly respectable mainstream groups still peddle dangerously misleading and inaccurate information about the use of animals in research. Commonly encountered ethical questions and arguments were considered in order to understand what lies behind disagreement on the moral justification of animal research. These changes may in fact become mandates under European legislation in the future: the European Commission consulted in the summer of 2006 on revisions to its Directive for the protection of animals used in experiments. Depending on the outcome, the revisions may require improvement in the quality and usability of the annual statistics produced in all member countries. What weight should be given to each of these morally relevant features in considering whether or not research is acceptable? Most of those who argue that animals can provide scientifically valid models for humans do not contend that every use of animals yields immediately useful results, nor that the use of animals is always the most suitable approach. In response to public concerns, priority should be given to reviewing the transferability of research that causes substantial pain and suffering to animals, and research that involves primates. The tactics employed by organizations campaigning to end animal experimentation, peaceful or otherwise, regularly feature in the British media. There is no middle ground for these groups; they want the immediate and total abolition of all animal research. Microdosing is an exciting new technique for measuring how very small doses of a compound move around the body. Animal research, ethics, experimentation, moral, Nuffield, introduction, research involving animals has been the subject of intense debate in the United Kingdom, the rest of Europe and the United States.

Animal Studies: Important Ethical Considerations You Need to Know
Ethical Issues Concerning Animal Research Outside the Laboratory
Ethics of Animal Research: A UK Perspective ilar Journal Oxford
Ethical debate on animal research - Bangladesh Journals Online


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