both sides agreed to resurrect the balance of forces just as it had been in 431.C. Thucydides portrays Athenian motives in the affair of Melos as concerned exclusively with the amoral politics of the use of force, while the Melians he shows as relying on a concept of justice to govern relations between states. Alcibiades furthered their cause by promising to make an alliance with the Persia satraps in western Anatolia and secure funds from them for Athens if only the democracy would be overturned and an oligarchy installed. Paches and the army to surrender, mitylene at discretion and to admit the troops into the town; upon the understanding that the Mitylenians should be allowed to send an embassy to Athens to plead their cause, and that Paches should not imprison, make slaves.
During the, peloponnesian War, they turned on each other.
Thucydides on the, causes of the, peloponnesian War.
In the first book of his history, participant observer and historian Thucydides records the causes of the, peloponnesian War.
The Peloponnesian War (431404 BC) was an ancient Greek war fought by the Delian League led by Athens against the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta.
Historians have traditionally divided the war into three phases.
Persian subsidies to this Peloponnesus- led coalition for the first time surpassed the financial reserves of Athens.
After the final Athenian sea defeat off Aegospotami, the Long Walls down to the Piraeus were razed, and a Spartan garrison occupied the city.
A fragment of the fourth book of the, history of the, peloponnesian War.
In Thucydides, the war found an author of meticulous standard and dedication who created a work that still resonates in the disciplines of history, international relations, and political science.
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The economic problems of farmers, workers, and business owners The Peloponnesian War meant drastic changes in their way of making a living for many men and women of Athens whose incomes depended on agriculture or their own small businesses. Athens defeat was perhaps the worst casualty in a war that crippled Greek military strength, and thus the most culturally advanced Greek state was brought into final eclipse). Cleon's success at Pylos had vaulted him into a position of political leadership, and he advocated a hard line toward Sparta. The story of the Birds by Aristophanes 121, for example, produced in 414.C., has two men trying to escape the hassles of everyday life at Athens by running away to seek a new life in a world called Cloudcuckooland that is inhabited by talking. Athenian comedy during the war The stresses of everyday life during the exceedingly trying times of the Peloponnesian War were reflected in Athenian comedies produced during this period.