he began gathering an army in the surrounding territories. However, according to Herodotus he was by this time considered to be insane. The Spartans put him in prison. He was a brilliant tactician. 1 Traits such as grace and culture were frowned upon in favor of high physical fitness and moral integrity. At various times this selection process was seen as detrimental to Spartan society, particularly when the number of free male Spartan citizens dwindled (oliganthropia).
Ephor: Ephor, (Greek ephoros title of the highest, spartan magistrates, five in number, who with the kings formed the main executive. a shrewd policy maker whose policies were consistently rendered ineffective by the opposition of his co-King and the. List of Kings of Sparta Gerousia. Ephorate, apella Spartiates Perioeci Helots Agoge Syssitia.
Just as Spartan males were raised to become warriors, the females of Sparta were trained for their primary task: giving birth to warriors; as the saying went, "only Spartan women could give birth to men." 8 Encouraged to be strong and healthy, girls participated. It was abolished, however, less than forty years later by Philopoemen in 188. And finally, if the Spartans were forbidden to write anything down, the existence of inscriptions in the. Such honors were usually awarded to the prxenoi of Sparta in other cities and to a few other families of supreme ancestry and importance. The classical authors and the literate population of Sparta knew better than to suppose that the rhetra went into effect as written by an oracle and remained unchanged. However, there is reference made in Plutarch's "Sayings of Spartan Women" 7 to correspondence kept between mother and sons at war, which would suggest some degree of literacy. 6 Around 494 BC, Cleomenes invaded and defeated Argos at Sepeia killing a large number of Argives, Herodotus says 6000 (probably an exaggeration by burning them to death in a sacred grove of Argus. By the command of his half-brothers, Leonidas I and Cleombrotus, Cleomenes was placed in chains. Education of girls edit Girls also had a form of state education involving dance, gymnastics and other sports; together with other subjects such as music and poetry, including writing and war education.