was the founder of Fascism and leader of Italy from 1922 to 1943. The Black Shirts marched on Rome and Mussolini presented himself as the only man capable of restoring order. Soon the term "Fascist" became shorthand for any political group that combined a radical nationalist and social policy and called for dictatorial rule. Fascism (secondary) Fascism is a political ideology that started with Mussolini and his hunger for Italy to be a great and powerful state like the ancient Roman Empire. Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini, nazi Germanys obvious political and military ally in Europe was Italy. In private, however, Mussolini was scornful of Hitler and his party. Pact of Steel forming an alliance which is known as the Axis powers during wwii.
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People had no hope for the Weimar Republic. Their rhetoric suggested that a "new order" was needed to replace a liberal international system that they regarded as decadent. To follow more major events of World War II, see. Causes of World War II Causes of World War II in Europe. The mark dropped in value horribly when the French troops occupied the Ruhr district in 1923. Germany was the major defeated country of the First World War. The pact also contained secret discussions and protocols where Germany and Italy agreed to prepare for a future European war. In September 1938 Mussolini was part of the four-nation summit on the Czechoslovakian crisis and a signatory of the Munich Agreement. By 1932 6 million people were unemployed. By the late 1930s Germany and Italy had become military allies.