this report. The growth in Ethiopias Orthodox population over the last century, as well as in neighboring Eritrea, owes largely to natural population growth in the countries. In 1910, Russias Orthodox population was 60 million, but the number of Russians identifying as Orthodox dropped steeply during the Soviet era (to 39 million in 1970 when the Communist government was repressing religious worship and promoting atheism. . Orthodox diasporas have developed in Americas and Western Europe. Ethiopia, where the Orthodox population has increased over the last century from 3 million to 36 million, is not part of an Orthodox diaspora; its Orthodox history dates to the fourth century of Christianity, more than half a millennium before Christianity developed a substantial following. Over the last century, several sizable diaspora communities of Orthodox Christians have developed in the Americas and Western Europe, areas that, a century ago, had only small Orthodox populations. Most of the 40 million Orthodox Christians in this region live in Ethiopia (36 million) or Eritrea (3 million). Due to rapid population growth, Africa also has experienced a more recent increase in both the Exploration of the African Coast by Europeans the number and share of Orthodox Christians.
The overall population of Ethiopia has risen nearly tenfold during that timespan, from 9 million in 1910 to 83 million in 2010. Orthodox population Ethiopia (4 Romania (4) and Greece (3). In 1910, only 11 million Orthodox Christians out of a global Orthodox population of 124 million were living outside the region. While the current share of Orthodox Christians living in Europe overall (77) does represent a decline since 1910, when 91 of Orthodox Christians were living there, the share of the total, christian population living in Europe has decreased much more sharply, from 66 in 1910. Orthodox Christians identify as Greek Orthodox, 16 as Russian Orthodox, 3 as Armenian Orthodox, 3 as Ethiopian Orthodox and 2 as Coptic/Egyptian Orthodox. Ukraines Orthodox population (35 million) is nearly as big as Ethiopias. In all, 19 countries around the world have at least a million Orthodox Christians, including Romania (19 million) and Greece (10 million). The Orthodox presence in the.S. In the Americas, there are three countries with over 100,000 Orthodox Christians that had fewer than 20,000 a century ago: Canada, Mexico and Brazil.