until foreign control, there were 26 Egyptian dynasties. With time, the various local and national gods were associated with the supreme god and they added the name Ra to them; so, in Thebes, they worshiped the ram god Amun, who became Amun-Ra. The Assyrians, Semites who lived in the mountainous region of Upper Mesopotamia, finally prevailed in about 1170. Egyptians ultimately developed a new material to write on, papyrus, which was cheaper to manufacture and use than clay tablets or animal skins and allowed the proliferation of elaborate record keeping. The pyramid is the most famous Egyptian monument and allows us to visually demonstrate social life in the country. The Middle Kingdom was characterized by the great advances they made and the zenith of cultural development in all its manifestations. The lands of the Near East were inhabited by various peoples. However, there was no strict separation, so there was a certain level of social mobility. Then these lower officials dispatched these orders to governors in charge of specific areas of Egypt.
At the head of society was the King, whose absolute power came from the creator god. The most prominent Amorite was Hammurabi, who rose to power in around 1730 BC and transformed the city of Babylon into the center of a new Mesopotamian empire. The gods were represented as animals, or with human bodies and animal heads. Egyptian science focused on mathematics and astronomy, but its achievements were far less advanced than those of Mesopotamia.
This was no coincidence, as mankind had sought out these places that had such good prospects for development since the earliest times. The Greeks named it the gift of the Nile River. The government used the power of religion as a control in ruling the country. They not only helped in leaving an important heritage in the region, but the culture and civilization permeated surrounding societies as well. Research and Development, the Sumerians were the first astronomers and astrologers.