get slightly better jobs, with better pay. Bibliography and further reading about African-American History: Cite this page: Carr,.E. Tilden hinged on disputed returns from these states. African Americans who asserted their rights in dealings with white employers, teachers, ministers, and others seeking to assist the former slaves also became targets. The Reconstruction did, for a short time, transform the South for African Americans, but most rights and benefits gained during that time were lost to Democrats during the Redemption. For most African Americans living in the south during the.
Three groups made up Southern Republicanism. S as well as their political future. The original Northern objective in the Civil War was the preservation of the Uniona war aim with which virtually everybody in the free states agreed.
Lincolns Plan of Reconstruction
A Description of Life in the German Trenches during WWI
African Americans and Freedom
The History of the African Women
In the fall 1866 congressional elections, Northern voters overwhelmingly repudiated Johnsons policies. In every state, African Americans formed the overwhelming majority of Southern Republican voters. Negotiations between Southern political leaders and representatives of Hayes produced a bargain: Hayes would recognize Democratic control of the remaining Southern states, and Democrats would not block the certification of his election by Congress ( see United States presidential election of 1876 ). When the North won the war, in 1865, Congress and the states voted to change the. As Northern Republicans became more conservative, Reconstruction came to symbolize a misguided attempt to uplift the lower classes of society. From the beginning of Reconstruction, black conventions and newspapers throughout the South had called for the extension of full civil and political rights to African Americans. S ideas, met with little success. Although the Senate, by a single vote, failed to remove him from office, Johnsons power to obstruct the course of Reconstruction was gone. At Colfax, Louisiana, in 1873, scores of black militiamen were killed after surrendering to armed whites intent on seizing control of local government. By 1876 only South Carolina, Florida, and Louisiana remained under Republican control. Very few took seats in congress, and the senate, but there were still some African Americans who did. In his last speech, on April 11, 1865, Lincoln, referring to Reconstruction in Louisiana, expressed the view that some blacksthe very intelligent and those who had served in the Union armyought to enjoy the right to vote.