and Educational Intervention. Carroll (1993 after a comprehensive reanalysis of earlier data, proposed the three data Mining Procedure stratum theory, which is a hierarchical model with three levels. "Intelligence: Knowns and unknowns" (PDF). How Genes Influence Behavior.
Problems in the Behavioural Sciences. Retrieved Flanagan, Dawn.; Harrison, Patti., eds. "Chapter 25: Use of Intelligence Tests in the Identification of Giftedness". Le; Christoforou,.;. Short-term memory (Gsm) is the ability to apprehend and hold information in immediate awareness, and then use it within a few seconds. As g is highly interrelated with the concept of IQ, 135 136 this measurement of collective intelligence can be interpreted as intelligence"ent for groups (Group-IQ) even though the score is not a"ent per. 160 161 Robert Sternberg, another significant critic of g as the main measure of human cognitive abilities, argued that reducing the concept of intelligence to the measure of g does not fully account for the different skills and knowledge types that produce success in human. The Rising Curve: Long-Term Gains in IQ and Related Measures. "Large Cross-National Differences in Gene Socioeconomic Status Interaction on Intelligence".