launch of this programme was held in Tashkent, on February 10, 2017. Until the 1960s the most-significant factors affecting the water balance of the Aral Sea were the rates of river inflow and water loss through evaporation, which formerly took out each year about the same amount of water that the rivers brought. The Aral Seas greatest extent from north to south was almost 270 miles (435 km while from east to west it was just over 180 miles (290 km). When going through the desert, rivers often collect some salt compounds residues in the ground that result in higher salinity, but may well be lowered again after going through irrigated lands. To date, there is no other alternative to addressing the issue of distribution of transboundary water resources in the region, except for achieving a regional agreement by adopting legal instruments that promote constructive and civilized dialogue. The fishing industry along the Aral Sea was thus virtually destroyed. The program includes measures to create new jobs, increase the investment attractiveness of the region, develop water supply, sewage systems, sanitation and recycling household waste, improve public health, housing conditions, improve the territories, create children's and sports play grounds, develop transport, engineering and communication infrastructure. Winds blowing across the exposed seabed produced dust storms that buffeted the region with a toxic dust contaminated with salt, fertilizer, and pesticides.
The health costs to people living in the area began to emerge soon after water levels had dropped enough to uncover portions of the seabed. Those policies succeeded in reducing water usage somewhat but not to the level necessary to have a significant impact on the amount of water reaching the Aral Sea. The threatening impact of the Aral catastrophe is observed all over the world today. Although the average depth was a relatively shallow 53 feet (16 metres) or so, it descended to a maximum of 226 feet (69 metres) off the western the Gender Equity in Schools shore. Hardest hit were the Karakalpaks, who live in the southern portion of the region.